DHARANA (Concentration, focus on attention):
Dharana means “immovable concentration of the mind”. The essential idea is to hold the concentration or focus of attention in one direction. The intention is to teach the mind to focus on one point or image, pushing away superfluous thoughts. Concentration here should be effortless. You know the mind is concentrating when there is no sense of time passing.
Deep contemplation and reflection can create the right conditions, and the focus on this one point that you have chosen becomes more intense. You encourage one particular activity of the mind and, the more intense it becomes, the more the other activities of the mind fall away.
When the mind has become purified by yoga practices, it becomes able to focus efficiently on one subject or point of experience. Now you can unleash the great potential for inner healing and balance.